Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Lakhisarai
Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour, Bhagalpur

Achievements on technologies assessed and refined

OFT-1 (PB& G)

1.

Title of On farm Trial

Varietal trial of Lentil

2.

Problem diagnose

Lack of high field day cultivar of lentil in Lakhisarai district

3.

Details of technologies selected for assessment/refinement

FP      : Titki Masur

T.O.1 : IPL 406

T.O.2 : Shivalik

T.O.3 : Arun

4.

Source of Technology

IIPR, Kanpur

5.

Production system and thematic area

Rainfed & Crop production

6.

Performance of the Technology with performance indicators

Lentil cultivar IPL 406 showed high yield compare to other cultivar under the trial having high yield, return & B:C ratio

7.

Final recommendation for micro level situation

IPL-406 recommended for cultivation

8.

Constraints identified and feedback for research

Wilting of lentil and lentil blight

9.

Process of farmers participation and their reaction

Farmers participated activity and reaction were positively

Thematic area     :        Crop Production

Problem definition         :               Lacking of high yielding cultivar of lentil in Lakhisarai district

Technology assessed:                    Lentil cv. IPL 406, Shivalik, Arun

Table:

Technology option

No. of trials

Yield component

Disease/insect pest indidence (%)

Yield (q/ha)

Cost cultivation (Rs./ha)

Gross return (Rs./ha)

Net return (Rs./ha)

BC ratio

No. of effective tillers/hill

No. of spikelet per panicle

Test wt. (1000 grain wt.)

FP : Titki Masur

5

 

 

 

 

9

15570

49500

33930

3.18

T.O.1 : IPl-406

5

 

 

 

 

13

15570

71500

55930

4.59

T.O.2 : Shivalik

5

 

 

 

 

10

15570

55000

39430

3.53

T.O.3 : Arun

5

 

 

 

 

12

15570

66000

50430

4.24

Results: Lentil cv. IPL-406 showed higher yield (13q/ha) compare to other cultivars in the trial.

OFT-2 (PB& G)

1.

Title of On farm Trial

Yield performance of Paddy cultivar

2.

Problem diagnose

In Lakhisarai district very old variety MTU -7029 grown which is severely damaged

3.

Details of technologies selected for assessment/refinement

Farmers’ Practice adopted variety (MTU -7029 – Ganga kaveri)

 T.O.1:   Paddy cv. Sabourshri

 T.O.2:   Paddy cv. MTU-7029 (BAU,Sabour)

4.

Source of Technology

Rice Section, Dept. Of PB & G, BAU, Sabour

5.

Production system and thematic area

Irrigated and Crop Production

6.

Performance of the Technology with performance indicators

Paddy cultivar “ Sabour Shree” showed higher yield 63 q/ha compare to other cultivars under the trial

7.

Final recommendation for micro level situation

Sabour shree recommended  for cultivar instead of MTU 7029

8.

Constraints identified and feedback for research

No any constraints identified

9.

Process of farmers participation and their reaction

Farmers participated actively & their reaction were positive

Thematic area:Crop Production

Problem definition: Lacking of high yielding healthy plant cultivar of paddy

Technology assessed: Rice cv. Sabour shree, MTU 7029 (Ganga Kaveri & BAU, Sabour)

Table:

Technology option

No. of trials

Yield component

Disease/insect pest indidence (%)

Yield (q/ha)

Cost cultivation (Rs./ha)

Gross return (Rs./ha)

Net return (Rs./ha)

BC ratio

No. of effective tillers/hill

No. of spikelet per panicle

Test wt. (1000 grain wt.)

FP : MTU-7029

10

58

20

 

5

57.5

29608

69000

39392

2.33

T.O.1 : Sabour shree

10

45

21

 

0

63

29608

75600

45992

2.55

T.O.2 : MTU-7029

10

56

17

 

5

54.6

29608

65520

35912

2.21

Results: Paddy cultivar Sabour shree showed higher yield ( 63 q/ha) compare to MTU-7029

OFT-3 (Horticulture)

1.

Title of On farm Trial

 

Varietal Trial of Potato

2.

Problem diagnose

Lacking of high yielding cultivar of potato in Lakhisarai district

3.

Details of technologies selected for assessment/refinement

FP     : Local available potato in the market 

T.O.1 : K. Pukhraj

T.O.2 : K. Kanchan

T.O.3 : K. Lalit

4.

Source of Technology

CPRS, Patna

5.

Production system and thematic area

Irrigated and crop production (350 q/ha)

6.

Performance of the Technology with performance indicators

Potato cv. K. Pukhraj showed high yield (q/ha), Net return, B:C ratioo

7.

Final recommendation for micro level situation

Potato cv. K. Pukhraj showed higher yield and recommended for cultivation

8.

Constraints identified and feedback for research

No any constraints identified

9.

Process of farmers participation and their reaction

Active participation of farmers & positive reaction.

Thematic area: Vegetable cultivation

Problem definition: Lack of high yielding cultivar of Potato in Lakhisarai district

Technology assessed:Potato cv. K. Pukhraj, K. Kanchan, K. Lalit

Table:

Technology option

No. of trials

Yield component

Disease/insect pest indidence (%)

Yield (q/ha)

Cost cultivation (Rs./ha)

Gross return (Rs./ha)

Net return (Rs./ha)

BC ratio

No. of effective tillers/hill

No. of spikelet per panicle

Test wt. (1000 grain wt.)

FP : Locally available cultivar

5

 

 

 

 

200

95310

240000

144690

2.52

T.O.1 : K. Pukhraj

5

 

 

 

 

350

95310

420000

324690

4.41

T.O.2 : K. Kanchan

5

 

 

 

 

250

95310

300000

204690

3.15

T.O.3 : K. Lalit

5

 

 

 

 

275

95310

330000

234690

3.46

Results: Potato cv. K. Pukhraj showed higher yield (350 q/ha) compare to other cultivar under the trial.

OFT-4 (Horticulture)

1.

Title of On farm Trial

Varietal performance of Green Gram  

2.

Problem diagnose

Lacking of high yielder green gram cv. in Lakhisarai district and appearance of yellow van mosaic disease

3.

Details of technologies selected for assessment/refinement

FP : Locally available varieties in market

T.O.1 :                          HUM - 16

T.O.2 :                          PDM - 139

                T.O.3 :   -                      TMB - 37

 

4.

Source of Technology

IPRI, Kanpur

5.

Production system and thematic area

Irrigated & Crop Production

6.

Performance of the Technology with performance indicators

Data awaited

7.

Final recommendation for micro level situation

Data awaited

8.

Constraints identified and feedback for research

Data awaited

9.

Process of farmers participation and their reaction

Data awaited

Thematic area:Crop Production

Problem definition: Lacking of high yielder green gram cv. in Lakhisarai district and appearance of yellow van mosaic disease

Technology assessed: Green gram cv.  HUM - 16 , PDM - 139 , TMB - 37

Table:

Technology option

No. of trials

Yield component

Disease/insect pest indidence (%)

Yield (q/ha)

Cost cultivation (Rs./ha)

Gross return (Rs./ha)

Net return (Rs./ha)

BC ratio

No. of effective tillers/hill

No. of spikelet per panicle

Test wt. (1000 grain wt.)

FP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T.O.1 : HUM - 16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T.O.2 : PDM - 139

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T.O.3 : TMB - 37

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Results: Awaited

OFT-5 (Plant Protection)

1.

Title of On farm Trial

Efficacy of some insecticide against pod borer (Helicoverpa armigera   H.)     in chickpea

2.

Problem diagnose

About 25-30 % yield losses due to infestation of     Helicoverpa armigera H.

3.

Details of technologies selected for assessment/refinement

Farmer Practices – Use chlorpryiphos/ Propenophos

T.O.1:Spraying of Flubendiamide 39.5 Sc @ 100 ml/ha after Ist initation  of pest.

T.O.2: Spraying of Chlorantaniliprole 120 ml/ha after Ist initation of pest.

T.O.3: Spraying of Deltamethrine 10.8 Ec @ 100 ml/ha after Ist initation of pest.

4.

Source of Technology

IIPR, Kanpur

5.

Production system and thematic area

Rice – Wheat/  Rice – Chickpea

6.

Performance of the Technology with performance indicators

No of infested Pod/m2 (At least 5 spot/Replication), yield, Net return,BC ratio

7.

Final recommendation for micro level situation

 

8.

Constraints identified and feedback for research

 

9.

Process of farmers participation and their reaction

 

 

Thematic area: Integrated disease management

Problem definition:

Technology assessed:

Data incomplete

OFT-6 (Plant Protection)

1.

Title of On farm Trial

Management of lentil wilt in Taal area of Lakhisarai district

2.

Problem diagnose

Heavy disease incidence in Taal area

3.

Details of technologies selected for assessment/refinement

Farmer Practices – Spraying of carbendazim @0.1@0.1 %

T.O.1:    Seed treatment with carbendazim 50 wp @ 2 gram/kg of seed.

T.O.2: Seed treatment with trichoderma virade  @ 2.5 kg/ha of seed.

T.O.3: Seed treatment with carboxin 75% wp @ 2 gram/kg of seed and soil    treatment withtrichoderma virade

4.

Source of Technology

G.B.P.U of A&T Pantnagar

5.

Production system and thematic area

IDM

6.

Performance of the Technology with performance indicators

No of wilted plant/ m2 , yield, Net return, BC ratio

7.

Final recommendation for micro level situation

 

8.

Constraints identified and feedback for research

 

9.

Process of farmers participation and their reaction

 

Thematic area: Integrated pest management

Problem definition.

Technology assessed:

Data incomplete

OFT-7 (Vet. Science)

1.

Title of On farm Trial

 

Management of Post Partum Anestrous is dairy Cow.

2.

Problem diagnose

Anestrous in cattle which increases intercalving period and decrease milk.

3.

Details of technologies selected for assessment/refinement

farmer’s practice (Gives 0.5 kg of cooked broken wheat)

T.O.1

Farmer’s practices + Ecbolic and uterine stimulant – 100 for 4 days (61 to 64 days after parturition) + Heat inducer and conception promoter 4 capsules for 4 days ( 65 to 68 days after parturition) + Trace mineral capsules – 20 capsules for 20 days ( 61 to 80 days after parturition)

T.O.2

Farmer’s practice + T.O.1 + Phosphorus @ 15 ml I/M for 2 days ( 61 & 66th days after parturition)

4.

Source of Technology

PGIVAS, Akola

5.

Production system and thematic area

Milk production and Disease management

6.

Performance of the Technology with performance indicators

Number of cows come to estrous and increase conception rate

7.

Final recommendation for micro level situation

Uses of heat inducer, conception promoter, trace minerals and phosphorus give good result to come animal in estrous condition

 

Thematic area: Disease management

Problem definition: Anestrous in cattle which increases intercalving period and decrease milk production.

Results :

Three groups were selected for this experiment. Each group has six cows.

Technology assessed:

Groups

No. of replicates

Practice

Result

Group 1

6

Farmer’s practice

Animals did not come in aestrous.

Group 2

6

Farmer’s practice + T.O.1

2 animals came in aestrous condition.

Group 3

6

Farmer’s practice + T.O.1 + T.O.2

5 animals came in aestrous condition

 

 

OFT-8 (Vet. Sc)

1.

Title of On farm Trial

 

Nutritional management of Black Bengal Goat

2.

Problem diagnosed

Low milk and meat production from locally available goat.

3.

Details of technologies selected for assessment/refinement

farmer’s practice (Grazing)

T.O.1

Grazing + Deworming

T.O.2

Grazing + Deworming + Mineral mixture @ 10 gm/animal/day

4.

Source of Technology

NDRI, Karnal

5.

Production system and thematic area

Milk & meat production and semi-feed management.

6.

Performance of the Technology with performance indicators

Increases body weight of kids at puberty.

7.

Final recommendation for micro level situation

Feeding of mineral mixture and deworming give high growth rate.

Thematic area: Semi-feed management

Problem definition: Low milk and meat production from locally available goat.

Results :

Three groups were selected for this experiment. Each group has six goats.

Technology assessed:

Sl.No

Treatment

Average initial body weight (Kg.)

Average final body weight (Kg.)

Average weight gain (Kg.)

1

Farmer’s practice

5.19

8.05

2.86

2

T.O.1

5.05

9.00

3.95

3

T.O.2

5.22

10.62

5.4

 

OFT-9 (Horticulture)

1.

Title of On farm Trial

Weed control in Onion

2.

Problem diagnose

Production loss in onion due to high incidence of weed

3.

Details of technologies selected for assessment/refinement

PF

Use of Pendemethalin

T.O.1

Combined spray of pendemethalin 30EC @2.5 ml/litre & quizalofob ethyl 5EC@1.75ml/litre at planting and at 30 DAT.

T.O.2

Combined spray of oxyflorofen 23.5 EC @ 1 ml/litre & quizalofob ethyl 5 EC @ 1.75 ml/litre at time of planting & 30 DAT

4.

Source of Technology

COH, OUAT, Chiplima, Odisha.

5.

Production system and thematic area

Cultivation of vegetable seed production

6.

Performance of the Technology with performance indicators

Weed population/m2, yield net return, B:C ratio

7.

Final recommendation for micro level situation

 

8.

Constraints identified and feedback for research

 

9.

Process of farmers participation and their reaction

 

Result: Awaited

OFT-10 (Horticulture)

1.

Title of On farm Trial

Effect of sulpher on onion

2.

Problem diagnose

Low yield & small buls size

3.

Details of technologies selected for assessment/refinement

PF

No Use of Sulpher

T.O.1

Soil application of sulpher @2Kg/ha as basal dose

T.O.2

4 folicox application of sulpher @ 1% at 15, 30, 45 & 60 day after transplanting.

4.

Source of Technology

Regional research station, Nasik.

5.

Production system and thematic area

Cultivation of vegetable

6.

Performance of the Technology with performance indicators

I

Bulb size

Ii

Yield

iii

New return

Iv

B:C ratio

7.

Final recommendation for micro level situation

 

8.

Constraints identified and feedback for research

 

9.

Process of farmers participation and their reaction

 

         

Result: Awaited

OFT-11 (Home Science)

1.

Title of On farm Trial

Assessment of Shelf-life of tomato pickle and its introduction to rural people.

2.

Problem diagnose

Area under tomato cultivativation in Lakhisarai district its 4300 ha. To combat with its high perishable nature its preservation in pickle form has quite importance.

3.

Details of technologies selected for assessment/refinement

PF

No use of any preservatives.

T.O.1

Use of vinegar (150ml/Kg of tomato)

T.O.2

Use of sodium benzoate (1 gm) + Glacial Acetic Acid (10 ml/Kg of tomato)

T.O.3

Use of sodium benzoate ( 1gm) + Glacial Acetic Acid (11ml / Kg of tomato)

T.O.4

Use of sodium benzoate ( 1gm) + Glacial Acetic Acid (12 ml/Kg of tomato)

4.

Source of Technology

IGNOU & NAIP

5.

Production system and thematic area

Value addition

6.

Performance of the Technology with performance indicators

S.no.

Technology

Duration of date storage (day)

Initiation of fungus(days)

Development of bad colour (days)

Development of bad odour(days)

01

FP

2

3

4

4

02

T.O.1

Yes

No

No

No

03

T.O.2

Yes

No

No

No

04

T.O.3

Yes

No

No

No

05

T.O.4

Yes

No

No

No

 

 

  • Observation after 1 month & 21 days pickling

** Yes : Safely store

7.

Final recommendation for micro level situation

Not yet found because all technologies  trials are safe and not developed any bad colours odour and fungal initiation till the last observation

8.

Constraints identified and feedback for research

The preservatives are not easily available in local market.

9.

Process of farmers participation and their reaction

Training & demonstration, farmers were highly satisfied

                 

 

OFT-12 (Home Science)

1.

Title of On farm Trial

Acceptability assessment of different food additives for quality enhancement potato chips

2.

Problem diagnose

Traditionally made potato chips are  not good in colour & appearance

3.

Details of technologies selected for assessment/refinement

FP

Washed + cut in circular slices + washed blanched for 3-4 minutes + sun dried

T.O.1

Washed + cut in circular slices + washed + blanched for 3-4 minutes with with alum @ 5gm/kg of potato slices + sun dried

T.O.2

Washed + cut in circular slices + washed +  Balanched for 3-4 minutes with baking powder @ 1 gram/kg of potato slices + sun dried

T.O.3

Washed + cut in circular slices + washed + blanched for 3-4 minutes with baking powder @ 2 gm/kg of potato slices + sun dried

T.O.4

Washed + cut in circular slices + washed + blanched for 3-4 minutes with baking powder @ 1 gm and alum @ 5 gm / kg of potato slices + sun dried

4.

Source of Technology

ITK

5.

Production system and thematic area

Value addition

6.

Performance of the Technology with performance indicators

Score for sensory evaluation of  potato chips; different technology options

 

Color

Flavour

Texture

Test

appearance

Overall acceptability

Farmers practice

1.9

3.1

3.2

3.8

2.2

2.84

T.O.1

4.1

3.3

3.6

3.8

3.2

3.61

T.O.2

2.7

3.2

3.7

3.9

3.6

3.45

T.O.3

2.9

3.1

3.9

4.1

3.3

3.46

T.O.4

4.1

3.4

3.8

4.0

4.1

3.86

0-1 Very poor, 1-2 poor, 2-3 fair, 3-4 good, 4-5 very good

7.

Final recommendation for micro level situation

T.O.4 be use of 1 gm of baking powder & 5 gm of alum/ kg of potato chips is recommended

8.

Constraints identified and feedback for research

Not any

9.

Process of farmers participation and their reaction

Rural women are quite satisfied slice alum & baking powder are locally available, this is the other advantage